As Salaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu
AREAS OF APOSTASY
Regarding the areas of apostasy , our brother (Abu Yusuf Khaleefah) said that the Scholars of Islam has mentioned that apostasy from faith can take place from one of four areas:
1. It could be a CREED or a belief that one holds which will invalidate one’s faith that cause the person to become an apostate.
If a person was to believe after believing that none has the right to be worshipped except for Allaah, that someone along with Allaah created along with Allaah. Or that someone other than Allaah is entitled to supplication. This will invalidate a person’s faith, even if they did not perform the action.
Another example, we know that the Muslim (man and woman) are to pray 5 times a day, which is known by way of necessity amongst the Muslims, an obligation. Now after a person becomes Muslim and then they believe that the 5 prayers are not obligatory after having knowledge, this will invalidate their Islam, because to believe that the 5 prayers are not an obligation on us is denial of that which is in the Qur’an and of the Sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad SalAllaahu Alayhe wa sallam.
2. It could be a STATEMENT that one makes with his tongue that will cause a person to apostate.
Is that a person curses Allaah or curses the Messenger of Allaah, this will invalidate one’s faith, making mockery of the religion, making mockery of something that is legislated. Even though the person could be playing around. It can not make mockery of the legislation of Allaah’s rules and regulations.
3. It could be an ACTION that is done which can cause the person to apostate.
That a person prostrates to an idol, or a person supplicates to the dead, calling upon the dead, desecrating (doing something foul) to the Qur’an…these actions will invalidate a person’s faith.
4. The matter of DOUBT
Someone having doubt whether the Prophet Muhammad SalAllaahu alayhe wa sallam is the last Messenger or not after believing that he is and later expressing to be unsure whether he is the last Messenger or not. This doubt will invalidate a person’s faith.
With regarding the one who wants to enter into the fold of Islam, if the person has doubt regarding the statement that none has the right to be worshipped except for Allaah, then they have not entered into the fold. As long as the doubt is present, this will prevent them from truly entering into the fold. The doubt has to be removed. The person entering when saying “La illaha illaAllaah”, they have to make this statement with surety.
Allaah, the Exalted, states in Sura Al-Hujarat (49:15):
“Only those are the believers who have believed in Allaah and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the Cause of Allaah. Those are the ones who are truthful.”
This is a proof that doubt invalidates one’s faith. When carefully examined, in this verse, Allaah Subhana wa at ala has made it a condition for the truthfulness of their faith or the faith of those who claim belief in Him and His Messenger, is that they do not have doubt.
Doubt is from the characteristics of the hypocrites.
DESCRIPTION OF HYPOCRISY
Allaah, The Exalted, states in Sura Al-Baqarah (2:8-10):
“And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say, ‘We believe in Allaah and the Last Day’ while in fact they believe not.
They (think to) deceive Allaah and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves and perceive it not!
In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allaah has increased their disease.
A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell lies.”
Allaah reveals some of the traits of the hypocrites of them outwardly displaying good and hiding evil within their hearts. They seek to deceive Allaah by saying one thing with their tongues but hiding another thing within their heart. And they seek to deceive the believers however they only deceive themselves. Allaah knows that what they say with their tongues is not in their hearts and He has exposed the characteristics of the hypocrites to the believers so that they can be aware of them. However, hypocrites are in a state of heedlessness, so their harm returns back to them and are not able to harm Allaah nor the believers who truly believe in Allaah.
Allaah says that in their hearts is a sickness and mentioned by Shaykh Abdur Rahman Ibn Naa’sir As Saa’dee in his tafsir of the Qur’an…
That which is intended by the sickness is sickness of doubt, the conjecture, and the hypocrisy and that is because the heart is subject to two types of sicknesses which removes it from it’s well-being and it’s uprightness:
1. The sickness of false doubts:
The matter of disbelief in the hypocrisy, the doubt, matters of innovation in the religion are all sicknesses of doubts.
2. The sickness of evil desires:
Illegal sexual intercourse (whether fornication or adultery), homosexuality, the love of indecency, acts of disobedience and the committing of these acts are all from the sickness of evil desires.
So in their hearts there is the sickness of doubt and hypocrisy, so Allaah increases them in their sickness. This is an indication that the reward for evil is evil itself. So that which comes as a result of that evil is even more evil if the person doesn’t repent.
So when a person wants to enter into the fold of Islam, it is a must that the person has certainty about the statement of La illaha illaAllaah (That none has the right to be worshipped except for Allaah).